Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies, or PALS, is a technique in which children work in pairs, taking turns as teacher and learner, to learn a structured sequence of literacy skills, such as phonemic awareness, phonics, sound blending, passage reading, and story retelling. Children use a simple error correction strategy with each other, under guidance of a teacher.
Three qualifying studies have evaluated PALS in first grade. Two of the three found significant positive effects on Woodcock scales which qualified PALS for the ESSA “Strong” category, and for the “Solid Outcomes Rating” (at least two studies with effect sizes of at least +0.20).
No additional classroom staff needed, but on-site coaches needed.
Initial training plus in-school coaching.